River Niranjana, running South to North, on the bank of which Bodhgaya is situated. River Niranjana has an important place in Buddhism. Buddhist Literature places on record how before his attaining Buddha hood the ascetic Siddhartha was charmingly impressed by this locality on his first arrival here. His impression finds a marvelous expression in the following measured terms. 
"Pleasantly picturesque is this part of land. Delightful is the sight of the grassy woodland. The river Niranjana is flowing on in glossy stream, showing the bathing places with gradual descents of steps, presenting a charming land scape, and affording glimpses into the neighboring hamlets easy to access. This must needs be the fitting place for a scion of a noble race strenously striving after the highest attainments.”